China's Creative Clusters

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The Creative Industries has become a most fashionable concept, drawing the attention of government leaders all over China who regard the creative industries as a driver for future economic growth. A number of cities, such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan, and Shunde, set up Creative Industry Zones as the new card of the city. The main reference for these new zones is the internationally well-known art district “798” in Beijing. “798” is located is the site of state-owned factories including Factory 798, and houses a thriving artist community, among 50-year old decommissioned military factory buildings of unique architectural style. They are characterized by hosting high-level cultural, artistic and commercial activities. With the success of “798”, many cities combine the development of the creative industries with redevelopment plans for old industrial heritage areas. Shenzhen's Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) is another example of a refurbishment industrial heritage for creative purposes. Here, the first and second Shenzhen Biennale of Urbanism and Architecture took place in 2005 and 2007.